How to find a person by name and surname
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How To Find People like the CIA or Police ★★★★★ Learn to Track peopleContent:
The modern Thai name is a 20th century innovation. For centuries, inhabitants of Siam, now Thailand, did not have surnames family names; last names. Thais identified themselves by referring to their parents given names or the place they resided. The Siamese government started recording data on Siamese citizens during the reign of King Rama V — The data recorded was minimal: birth date, date of death, household members. It was difficult to distinguish between the king's subjects as many shared the same name.
In , two years after the Western-educated Rama VI ascended to the throne, he declared that a birth, death, and marriage registration system would be instituted in Siam. Everyone had to bear a surname to identify themselves properly. In , the first Surname Act was promulgated. Thai names follow the Western European pattern of given name family name. This differs from the family-name-first patterns of Cambodia , Vietnam , and East Asia.
Thai names given and family are often long, and there are a great many of them. The diversity of family names is due to the fact that Thai surnames are a recent introduction, and are required to be unique to a family.
Thai given names generally convey positive attributes, and a number of Thai people change their given names relatively frequently and their family names less frequently, as it requires permission from the head of a family or, in the case of children, father and mother.
This practice is virtually unknown in most countries outside of marriage and fortune-telling traditions. Besides standard reasons of separation and divorce, many name changes are done to get rid of bad luck which, if caused by a ghost or spirit, would confuse the malignant entity, allowing the victim to get free from them. Additionally, while given names are used for official purposes and record-keeping, most Thais are also given nickname at birth which they use in their daily life, including at school and in the workplace.
Oftentimes, the nickname takes precedence over the real name and very few people besides close friends, family, and employers will know the real name. Last names became legally required of Thai citizens in with the passing of the Surname Act Thai surnames are often long, particularly among Thais of Chinese descent. For example, the family of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra , who is of Chinese descent, adopted the name Shinawatra 'does good routinely' in According to the current law, Person Name Act, BE , to create a new Thai surname, it must be no longer than ten Thai letters , excluding vowel symbols and diacritics.
The people with shared family names are related, and the diversity of given names is conventional. The "Surname Act of " decreed that "married woman can bear her husband's surname or keep her maiden name" Clause 6 of the act. A woman's right to choose her surname ended in with the passage of the "Personal Name Act ". The law forced women to use their husband's surname after marriage Clause The Personal Name Act of was revised in The law allowed a divorced woman to resume her maiden surname Clause 13 of the "Personal Name Act ".
A widow could keep her husband's surname or could revert to her maiden surname Clause The Personal Name Act gave a married woman the right to use her maiden name or assume her spouse's surname.
She has to choose one or the other when the marriage is registered. A couple also has the right to use a different surname. Informal names are awarded at birth and may continue in use to the extent one may have to check the formal registration to find a person's given formal name. Bestowed by relatives or playmates in early childhood, these are commonly one syllable or worn down from two to one.
These may often be nonsense words or humorous and seldom relate to the registered name except in cases where it is a diminutive , such as Nok for Noknoi , or 'bird' from 'little bird'. All Thais have such names; they are freely used in everyday life. Some may have additional nicknames bestowed by friends or colleagues, especially during school or adolescence. Nicknames may link with a notable physical feature or behavior. In everyday life, a Thai is introduced by nickname and others may not know the person's formal name.
When so introduced, one usually continues to use the nickname. The evolution of Thai nicknames dates back to the Sukhothai era , when names were used to mark the order of children. Nicknames such as Ai , Yee , and Sam designated children as 'one', 'two', and 'three'. Later, in the Ayutthaya and Rattanakosin periods, children began to be named for physical attributes, such as Daeng 'red' or Uan 'fat' or for desirable items such as Thong 'gold'.
Conversely, unflattering nicknames such as Mah 'dog' , Moo 'pig' , or Gop 'frog' were employed to keep malign spirits from coveting the child. King Mongkut Rama IV stimulated interest in naming babies in accordance with astrological principles as outlined in the ancient scripture, Namtaksapakorn.
During the time of Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram , gender-based naming was introduced. Names ending in "-sak", "-chai", and "-yot" were for male babies, "-porn" or "-sri" for females. In the 21st century, assigning nicknames still relies heavily on astrological beliefs, but also in keeping up with current naming fashions. By way of example preceding formal naming, Plaek Pibulsongkram 's childhood name meant 'strange'. He later adopted as a surname what was originally an award for academic excellence and generally known in public life by the shortened form Pibun.
In the past, different words were used to address men and women. There was no law concerning this matter, it was purely a matter of custom. Once a woman married, she had to use the address Nang before her given name for the rest of her life even if she divorced or widowed. This form of address applied to commoners, not to women in royal or noble families.
In , the king proclaimed the form of address for girls. He specified that that "girl" meant a female under 15 years old; they were addressed as nangsao , as were females older than 15 years of age and unmarried meaning 'married to a man'. The Form of Address for Women Act mandates that married or divorced women can choose to use either Nang or Nangsao before their given names. It gives a married woman the right to change all her documents ID card, driver's license, bank account to include the title Nangsao before her given name.
Today, in polite speech , Thais address each other by a given name, preceded by the courtesy title khun , particularly with persons of higher status or public distinction.
East Asian monarchs often adopted regnal names upon ascending the throne, as was done in Thailand until the present day. Kings Rama I and Rama II were awarded noble titles and names before they assumed regnal names, which were then changed by subsequent kings. As neither noble titles nor names are necessarily unique, it is customary to list the highest title and awarded named first, followed by former names and titles and personal and family names in parentheses as needed.
Descendants of the nobility, both hereditary and non-hereditary positions, generally take the noble name of their ancestor for a surname. Thus Mongkol Na Songkhla , a minister in the Surayud government, has a name indicating that he is a distant descendant of royalty or nobility in that geographical region for instance, the surname "Na Chiangmai", belonging to descendants of the rulers of Chiang Mai, which was a vassal state of Siam.
The name of Kasem Sanidvongs na Ayudhya , another minister, indicates that he is related to the royal family, as it is also tradition for far-removed descendants to add " Na Ayudhya " after their surnames. In this case, Sanitwong is the family name of Kasem.
Sanitwong itself being the name of Prince Wongsa Dhiraj Snid , a son of King Buddha Loetla Nabhalai , and the subsequent family name for his descendants. According to the Chicago Manual of Style , Thai names may be indexed depending upon the individual practice.
Often they may be alphabetized under the given name with no comma or inversion, but they may also be alphabetized under the surname with a comma and with an inversion.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Thailand portal. Kanda Gaigo Group. Kanda University. Retrieved 7 August A History of Thailand 2nd ed. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. Royal Institute of Thailand. Archived from the original on Retrieved Ministry of Culture Thailand. Archived from the original on December 1, Humanities Journal. Kasetsart University.
Retrieved 2 November Bangkok Post. Retrieved 4 October Thairath in Thai. Chicago Manual of Style. Retrieved on 23 December Person Name Act, BE Outline Index. Personal names and anthroponymy. Personal identity.
First name Middle name Last name. Baptism Name day Calendar of saints. Category:Lists of names. Categories : Thai culture Thai names Names by culture.
Hidden categories: CS1 uses Thai-language script th CS1 Thai-language sources th Articles with Thai-language sources th All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from August CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown Webarchive template wayback links Articles with dead external links from April Articles containing Thai-language text.
Namespaces Article Talk.
Setting up video conferencing for remote work? Set up Meet to help your team work remotely. To manage a user's settings, go to their account page in your Google Admin console. Tip: If users are grouped in organizational units , you can find them more quickly by first selecting the organizational unit they belong to.
I think everyone should have decent online stalking skills. Not because I condone stalking, but because knowledge is power -- if you don't know how to find people online, how do you know what people can find about you online? Googling yourself is like checking your credit report for inaccuracies: it's only effective as a preventative measure if you do it thoroughly and routinely. Whether you're looking for yourself or a friend no judgment , here are five tips for finding out anything, about anyone, online:.
Find a user account
When you're trying to find someone online, Google's not the only game in town. In the last two years, a handful of new people search engines have come onto the scene that offer better ways to pinpoint people info by name, handle, location, or place of employment. While there's still no killer, one-stop people search, there are more ways than ever to track down a long-lost friend, stalk an ex, or screen a potential date or employee. The next time you wonder, "What ever happened to so-and-so? Note: Stalking is serious business. When we say 'stalk,' we're exaggerating, not recommending. Look up anyone's home address es and phone numbers at ZabaSearch , a creepily-comprehensive people search engine that will freak you out when you search on your own name but save your ass when you desperately need a former coworker's phone number. ZabaSearch's index includes listed and unlisted numbers and addresses though the founders say all the info is public record. My favorite new search engine of the bunch, Pipl digs up information about a person Google often misses, supposedly by searching the "deep web" or " invisible web.
5 tips for finding anything, about anyone, online
The wonders of the web could help you find a friend from yesteryear. Why not give these sites a go? But thankfully the internet has made the process a lot simpler — if you know where to look. More of us are connected to social networks, such as Facebook, than ever before — which is a great way to find people.
Use the best people search tools to find someone's contact information. Find a person's street address, phone number or email address. Looking for current information about someone, but have just their email address? Spokeo's email lookup service can help.
Find contact information
English learners often feel confused about how to address people properly. Many feel uncomfortable asking the question, "What should I call you? For example, many women don't know how to address their boyfriend's mother.
You can search this site in two ways: by name of individual, or by location. Remember, the less information you put in, the more numerous the results. It is important to remember that the names on this site have been transcribed as they were written into the census forms. We have not corrected spellings. Some names are illegible, or appear on a damaged form.
5 tips for finding anything, about anyone, online
Americanized spelling of Swedish Persson. German: patronymic from Peer, Low German variant of Peter. Jewish: origin uncertain; perhaps an Americanized form of one or more like-sounding Jewish names. Simply start with yourself and we'll do the searching for you. View Census Data for Person.
Looking to find an old school friend or a long-lost relative? The internet could be the key…
How to Address People in English